How to make tie-dyed rainbow bandana

Tie-dying is an art for creating a wide variety of designs on fabric. There are different techniques for folding the fabric like spiraling, knotting, scrunching, folding and stitching and then applying the dyes to make eye-catching patterns.
The colorful rainbow bandana you see here is dyed using tie-dye technique. The following steps explain how to make this at your home.

Step 1: Materials Required

All the materials I used here are part of contest prize pack I received from instructables.
A large white handkerchief 21 inches by 21 inches in size.
Three different color dyes in powder form, Turquoise, Lemon Yellow, and Fuchsia.
Three Squeeze bottles for applying the dyes
Soda Ash fixer and dye activator.
Textile Detergent and Rubber bands
Hand Gloves and Dust Mask
Step 2: Prepare Your Cloth

Most of the new fabric is coated with fabric softeners and fabric finishes. They may prevent the dye being absorbed into the fabric. So you need to wash your clothes and prepare them before starting the dyeing process.
Rinse the cloth in clean water and squeeze out the excess water from the fabric.
Now wear your dust mask and hand gloves.
Place about half a liter of water in a container and heat it to be warm
Add a teaspoon of Soda ash to the warm water and mix well
Soak the cloth piece in the soda ash solution for about 15 minutes.
Step 3: Prepare Urea Mix

Keep your Dust mask and Gloves on. We will prepare the urea mixed water for preparing the dyes. We will be using three small bowls, each can hold about 70 ml of liquid.
Take 200 ml of lukewarm water in a bowl
Add three teaspoons of urea to the water and mix well
Once the area is completely dissolved, pour the urea water equally into the small bowls.
Step 4: Make Dyes

Add a teaspoon of different colored powdered dyes, Fuchsia, Turquoise and Lemon Yellow to each bowl
Mix the dyes well with urea water using different spoons. There should not be any lumps of the powdered dyes in the water.
Transfer the mixed liquid dyes to three squeeze bottles
Step 5: Tie the Fabric to Be Dyed

With your gloves and mask on, remove the fabric from the soda ash solution
Squeeze out all liquid from the fabric
Here, I am using a 10 mm dia PVC pipe to tie the fabric around.
Approximately, hold the center of the fabric at one end of PVC pipe
Twist it around the PVC pipe as shown
Tie the fabric with the PVC pipe as you progress along the PVC pipe
The last picture shows the tied fabric around the PVC pipe, ready for dyeing.
Step 6: Apply Dyes to the Fabric

I have used the kitchen sink to apply the dyes as the drippings can be easily washed away.
Start applying dyes from the narrow end using the squeeze bottles.
First Fuchsia, then Lemon Yellow and followed with Turquoise.
Follow the series up to the end of the fabric.
You can see that I have been left with so much of dyes in the squeeze bottles after dyeing the fabric.
Step 7: Let the Fabric Rest

See the first picture. The excess dye has dripped from the fabric and collected at one end of the plastic bag. So, take care while removing the fabric from the bag. Do not let the dripped dye come in contact with the cloth.
Cut the thread from the bottom end of PVC pipe
Slowly take out the dyed fabric along with the PVC pipe
Cut all threads used to tie the fabric with PVC pipe and separate the fabric from the pipe.
Step 9: Wash the Excess Dye Out

The fabric may contain excess dyes which should be removed before using it.
Boil about half a liter of water in a container
Add about a teaspoon of Professional Textile detergent to the hot water
Soak the dyed cloth in hot water. This will remove all excess dye from the fabric.
Step 10: Rinse the Finished Fabric in Clean Water

Remove the fabric from hot water mixed with the Textile detergent
Rinse in water 2 to 3 times till the water runs clean
Hang your finished bandana in shade to dry.
See the finished bandana, it is so pretty…

courtesy: instructables